NAM criticizes globalization, adopts plan of action
Kuala Lumpur, 25 Feb (TWN/Chee Yoke Heong) - Leaders attending the 13th Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit here put the blame squarely on the process of globalization in its present form for the continuing impoverishment and marginalisation of developing countries.
The NAM summit was due to end Tuesday after adopting the Kuala Lumpur Declaration and the Plan of Action.
In the declaration, the Summit put forward a set of measures to address new challenges and to enhance and revitalize the movement.
“Globalization presents many challenges and opportunities to the future and viability of all states. In its present form, it perpetuates or even increases the marginalisation of the developing countries,” says the KL Declaration, which was made available to the media, and due to be adopted formally by the NAM summit today.
In the world that has been changed dramatically by the process of globalization, “the rich and powerful countries exercise an inordinate influence in determining the nature and direction of international relations, including economic and trade relations, as well as the rules governing these relations, many of which are at the expense of the developing countries.”
Globalization, the declaration says, should lead to the prospering and empowering of developing countries and not their continued impoverishment and dependence on the wealthy countries. NAM, therefore, must ensure that globalization benefits the majority of countries and not just a few.
In response to these realities and the challenges, NAM members have agreed to adopt an action plan that include the implementation of the following measures:
· Enhance coordination and cooperation through regular meetings of the Coordinating Bureau in New York, as well as in Geneva, Vienna and other centres in order to respond in a timely basis to international developments affecting the movement and its members.
· Review and redefine the role of the Movement and improve its structure and methodology, including the need for a more focussed and concise documentation.
· Utilise fully and effectively all existing mechanisms and institutions, such as the Troika, the Coordinating Bureau and all existing working groups, committees, the Non-Aligned Caucus of the Security Council and establish new ones, as appropriate.
· Undertake a sound review and analysis of the positions of the Movement on international issues, with a view to consolidating the common denominators among member states by focussing on issues that unite rather than divide the members.
· Promote constructive dialogue and interaction with other development partners, particularly the Group of 8, through existing and appropriate new mechanisms, including institutionalized contacts, so as to bring about greater understanding between the North and South and to ensure that the views of the Movement are fully taken into account before important decisions are made.
· Follow up on decisions made at the UN Millennium Assembly and other international fora, such as the Doha Meeting on international trade, the Monterrey Conference on Financing for Development and the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development as imperatives in addressing the urgent needs of developing countries, such as poverty eradication, debt relief and capacity building.
In addition, measures are to be taken to strengthen coordination and cooperation, and formulate common strategies on socio-economic and development-related issues with the G77 and enrich South-South cooperation through regional and inter-regional cooperation by undertaking concrete projects and programmes, pooling of resources and tapping the contributions of individuals and institutions.
The group resolved to continue in its efforts to uphold its fundamental principles through the proposed action plan such as the promotion of peace worldwide through dialogue and diplomacy and the avoidance of the use of force to resolve conflicts, promoting and strengthening the multilateral process, actively engage in cooperative relationship with the industrialized countries, civil society organizations, the private sector and parliamentarians.
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