About the Book
The phenomenon of climate change poses a serious threat to agricultural production and, therefore, to the lives and livelihoods of the hundreds of millions who are dependent on agriculture. Adaptation to the increased variability in weather patterns requires the adoption of ecological farming practices which are climate-resilient as well as productive.
This paper looks at how ecological agriculture, by building healthy soils, cultivating biological diversity and improving water harvesting and management, can strengthen farmers’ capacity to adapt to climate change. Accordingly, the authors call for a reorientation of policy, funding and research priorities from the dominant industrial agriculture model to ecological agriculture. At the same time, recourse to carbon markets to finance adaptation efforts through trade in soil carbon credits is rejected as an unsustainable, wrong-headed approach to meeting the climate challenge.
Instead, facing the vagaries of climate change demands a concerted effort by governments, multilateral agencies, researchers and farmers to support the transition to ecological agriculture. Towards this end, this paper outlines a roadmap of measures for promoting truly climate-resilient farming systems.
About the Authors
DOREEN STABINSKY is Professor of Global Environmental Politics at College of the Atlantic in Maine, USA and she also closely follows the United Nations climate negotiations. LIM LI CHING is a researcher with the Third World Network and coordinates its sustainable agriculture work.
2. CLIMATE CHANGE AND AGRICULTURE
Climate impacts on agriculture: the role of temperature and rainfall
Coventional agriculture is a major contributor to climate change
3. ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE IS ESSENTIAL TO MEET THE CLIMATE CHALLENGE
Building healthy soils
Building resilience through diversity
Emphasizing water management and harvesting techniques
Increasing productivity in the face of climate change
4. FALSE SOLUTIONS: THE CARBON MARKET THREAT
Carbon market basics
Creating agricultural soil carbon offset credits
5. A ROADMAP TOWARDS CLIMATE RESILIENCE THROUGH ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE
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