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south-north development monitor SUNS [Email Edition]

SUNS #4449, Monday, 7 June 1999


contents

Trade: Wide gaps in trade/investment study group (Chakravarthi Raghavan, Geneva)

United States: Linking workers' rights to trade accords (IPS, Washington)

Environment: Air travel to contribute more to global warming (Someshwar Singh, Geneva)

Costa Rica: Forests endangered by diversion of funds (IPS, San Jose)

India: Forest fires feed on short-sighted policy (IPS, New Delhi)

South Africa: ANC celebrates a landslide election victory (IPS, Johannesburg)

Argentina: Last border treaty opens new era of integration (IPS, Buenos Aires/Santiago)

Yugoslavia: With peace in sight, political war resumes (IPS, Belgrade)

Yugoslavia: Pope stresses UN role, in meeting with Annan (IPS, Rome)

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Some excerpts from selected articles:

Trade: Wide gaps in trade/investment study group

Geneva, 4 June (Chakravarthi Raghavan) -- The gap between the major industrialized nations and the developing countries over trade and investment relationships and whether any multilateral disciplines are desirable remain unresolved, and the WTO working group on this subject will make only a "factual report" and no recommendations, according to trade diplomats at the WTO.

The WTO Working Group on the Relationship between Trade and Investment (WGTI) was set up under a study programme initiated at Singapore Ministerial meeting in 1996.

The European Union is pushing for WTO negotiations on multilateral investment rules, as part of a new trade round to be launched at Seattle Ministerial meeting, and has raised the issue in the preparatory process for Seattle at the General Council.

The study process on the relationship between Trade and Investment was initiated at the 1996 Singapore Ministerial meeting of the WTO, but discussions and exchange of information within the group has not narrowed down the basic differences.

The WGTI is to hold the next meeting on 13-17 September.

Environment: Air travel to contribute more to global warming

Geneva, June 4 (Someshwar Singh) -- Emissions from aircrafts, which are more persistent and damaging than ground-level emissions, will be contributing much more to global warming by the year 2050, according to a new report released here today by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

The new report, "Aviation and the global atmosphere", was developed over the last two years by a group of more than 100 scientists.

Requested by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the report is a joint effort of the IPCC and the Scientific Assessment panel of the Montreal protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

The report provides a detailed assessment of the impact of all of the gases and particles emitted by aircraft engines on climate and atmospheric ozone.

Air travel is projected to grow by about 5% annually until 2015, burning 3% more fuel per year in that period. Aircraft emissions, and their impacts, will be far greater in 2050 unless new technologies and operational modes are developed, says the report.

Fuel consumption by civil aviation is expected to reach 300 million tonnes in 2015 and 450 million tonnes in 2050, compared to 130 million tonnes in 1992. There will be corresponding high emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and water vapour as well as nitrogen oxides and sulphur oxides.

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