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THIRD WORLD RESURGENCE #207/208 (Nov/Dec 2007)

This issue’s contents:


COVER: Rethinking Tourism: An engine for Third World development?

Does tourism benefit the Third World?
By Anita Pleumarom

Third World governments invariably justify the promotion of tourism as a driving force for economic development. Anita Pleumarom questions this claim and says that it is time to stop treating tourism as a holy cow to be protected and nurtured at all costs.

Tourism, predatory and omnivorous
By Jeremy Seabrook

'Tourism consumes the places on which it alights,' says Jeremy Seabrook in taking issue with its exaggerated claims of benefits for the host country.

Financial leakages in tourism
By Minu Hemmati & Nina Koehler

Any meaningful discussion of the benefits of tourism to a host country must address the issue of 'financial leakages'. Minu Hemmati and Nina Koehler explain this important concept.

Enclavisation of tourism: Special Tourism Zones in India
By EQUATIONS

This article argues that the Indian government's planned new policy of setting up Special Tourism Zones (STZs) along the lines of the country's Special Economic Zones (SEZs) will promote the 'enclavisation of tourism', converting lands, landscapes and common property into exclusive islands of leisure. This is a model of tourism development that has been fought and rejected by many communities around the world.

Tourism, gender and equitable development
By TT Sreekumar

Contrary to the claims of the UN World Tourism Organisation, the doors of tourism do not open to equal opportunities for women but to scary worlds of inequities and exploitation, says T T Sreekumar.

Tourism feels the heat of global warming
By Anita Pleumarom

Climate is an essential resource for tourism and global warming is unquestionably a threat to tourism. Anita Pleumarom discusses the response of the industry to a threat to which it is contributing.

Tourism, biodiversity and indigenous peoples: New invitations for social change
By Alison Johnston

Most indigenous peoples are discovering that tourism is undermining their very basis for survival while suppressing the very cultural value systems which underlie biodiversity, says Alison Johnston.

The myths of ecotourism
By John Mbaria

Ecotourism is almost universally touted as 'responsible travel' to areas rich in wildlife that also helps to preserve the environment and to promote the well-being of the local people. A report on Kenya's experience raises serious doubts about such claims.

Medical tourism - Subsidising health care for developed countries
By Nikhila M Vijay

Nikhila M Vijay elucidates the iniquitous nature of medical tourism, which India's tourism industry is now promoting.

Will Angkor Wat survive the invasion of mass tourism?
By Tom Fawthrop

The temples of Angkor, those incredible monuments which have survived more than 1,000 years, including periods of great turbulence and decay, are now confronted by the greatest challenge of all - mass tourism.

Golf tourism
By Chee Yoke Ling

Golf tourism, now being vigorously promoted by governments of the South, especially South-East Asia, extracts a high social and environmental cost.


ECOLOGY

Scientists find organic agriculture can feed the world and more
By Dr Mae-Wan Ho

A comprehensive study gives the lie to claims that organic agriculture cannot feed the world because it gives low yields and there is insufficient organic fertiliser.


HEALTH & SAFETY

US: Racism, government apathy fuel AIDS epidemic
By Adrianne Appel

Although the average US death rate due to AIDS has dropped 80% since the mid-1990s, an epidemic is in full swing in the African American community.


ECONOMICS

Old wine in a new bottle: Subprime mortgages and the present financial turmoil
By Michael Lim Mah Hui

As the US subprime mortgage crisis continues to rock world financial markets, Michael Lim Mah Hui explains the genesis of the crisis and why, despite the strong intervention of central banks, the crisis will be with us for some time to come.


WORLD AFFAIRS

The 12 myths of Annapolis
By Phyllis Bennis

The US-convened Middle East peace conference which took place in Annapolis in November was supposed to launch a giant step towards peace. Phyllis Bennis exposes this and other myths about this much-hyped meet.

'Enduring' US bases in Iraq
By Joseph Gerson

In announcing in November that President Bush and Iraqi Prime Minister Maliki had signed an agreement for further negotiations on the future of US forces in Iraq, the White House claimed that 'Iraq's leaders have asked for an enduring relationship with America, and we seek an enduring relationship with a democratic Iraq'. It is clear from this that the US is preparing public opinion for the establishment of permanent US bases in Iraq. In this article, written some eight months earlier, Joseph Gerson discusses the significance of such a move.

New US intelligence estimate on Iran's nuclear programme calls for credible diplomatic option
By Carah Ong

A new US National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) says that Iran halted its nuclear weapons programme in 2003 and that the programme remains on hold. This contradicts an earlier NIE that said Iran was working inexorably towards producing nuclear weapons.  Carah Ong analyses the significance of this revelation.

The servants no longer know their place
By Stuart Munckton

The undiplomatic outburst by the King of Spain against President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela at the 17th Ibero-American summit held in Santiago, Chile has given fresh fodder to the current campaign by the corporate media to demonise Chavez.  Stuart Munckton explains what really happened.

The Venezuelan referendum: A post-mortem and its aftermath
By James Petras

The 'no' vote in December against Venezuela's proposed constitutional reforms supporting President Hugo Chavez's socialist project is clearly a blow to his drive to bring about a major social transformation. But why did Chavez lose the referendum? James Petras explains.

Belgium's 'Arab Malcolm X' on trial
By Sukant Chandan

The racial crisis in Belgium has resulted in the emergence of a charismatic and articulate leader,  Dyab Abou Jahjah, who has succeeded in mobilising Arab youths from the ghettoes to fight for self-respect and solidarity. Sukant Chandan discusses the advent of Belgium's 'Arab Malcolm X'.

CIA bribe revelation
By Andrew I Killgore

The Libyan national convicted of being responsible for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie may be freed on appeal, with the revelation that the CIA offered a US$2 million bribe to the key prosecution witness.


HUMAN RIGHTS

Incarcerated for more than 25 years: Puerto Rican political prisoners
By Jan Susler

While world attention has been focused on the plight of US prisoners held at Guantanamo, the cases of Puerto Rican independence fighters languishing in US prisons must not be forgotten. Fifteen Puerto Rican men and women arrested in the 1980s were convicted of seditious conspiracy and sentenced to prison terms ranging from 35 years to 90 years. Although 12 of them had their sentences commuted by President Clinton, two of them, Carlos Alberto Torres and Oscar Lopez Rivera, have now served 27 and 26 years of their 70-year sentences. Jan Susler highlights their plight.


WOMEN

African women and domestic violence
By Takyiwaa Manuh

The experience of using the law to address the issue of domestic violence in Africa contains both positive and negative lessons for gender-equality campaigners, says Takyiwaa Manuh.


COMMEMORATION

Look back in anger: Filming the Nanjing massacre
By David McNeill

China recently commemorated the 70th anniversary of one of the 20th century's most notorious events - the Nanjing massacre of 1937 perpetrated by the invading Japanese troops. A crop of new movies released to commemorate this anniversary is set to again dredge up the controversy. How will Japan react?


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