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Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from Their Utilization

Background and Analysis

Publishers:
Berne Declaration
Bread for the World
Ecoropa
Tebtebba
Third World Network

ISBN: 978-967-5412-85-1
Year: 2013   No. of pages: 168
16.5 cm  x 24 cm

About the Book

The fight against biopiracy and its injustices was the main impetus for the push to have an international treaty to be developed under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The Convention’s third objective of fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the utilization of genetic resources is itself the result of tough negotiations in the early 1990s when the misappropriation, even theft, of the resources of developing countries and of indigenous peoples and local communities gained international attention. After almost 20 years, when the Convention’s broad provisions proved to be inadequate, the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing was forged in October 2010. This new legally binding international treaty, however, was born in an atmosphere of controversy when its core content was ultimately decided by a few during the final days of the 10th meeting of the CBD’s Conference of Parties in Nagoya, Japan. This book, co-authored by six civil society participants who were actively engaged with the government negotiators and negotiation process, provides a rich account of the background and development of the Protocol. It analyses the main provisions of the Protocol and recommends several actions that can be taken at the national and international levels to ensure that the Protocol objective of fair and equitable benefit-sharing can be delivered with justice restored.

Contents

About  the  Authors  and  Editors

About  the  Publishers

CHAPTER  1:  INTRODUCTION                                                                                                

1.1      Genetic  Resources  As  Colonial  Trophies                                                                    

1.2          Unfair  and  Inequitable  Realities                                                                                   

CHAPTER  2:  Background                                                                                                   

2.1      Development  of  the  ABS  Provisions  of  the  CBD                                                  

2.2      Developing  an  ABS  System  under  the  CBD                                                          

CHAPTER  3:  Analysis of the NAGOYA  Protocol                                          

Article 1 – OBJECTIVE                                                                                                             

Article  2 – USE OF TERMS                                                                                                      

Article  3 – SCOPE                                                                                                                       

Article  4  –  RELATIONSHIP WITH  INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS AND INSTRUMENTS           

Article  5  –  FAIR AND  EQUITABLE  BENEFIT SHARING                                         

Article 6  –  ACCESS TO GENETIC RESOURCES                                                             

Article  7  –  ACCESS  TO TRADITIONAL  KNOWLEDGE  ASSOCIATED WITH GENETIC   RESOURCES

Article  8  –  SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS                                                                         

Article  9  –  CONTRIBUTION  TO  CONSERVATION  AND SUSTAINABLE USE         

Article  10  –  GLOBAL  MULTILATERAL  BENEFIT-SHARING  MECHANISM         

Article  11  –  TRANSBOUNDARY COOPERATION                                                          

Article  12  –  TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE ASSOCIATED WITH GENETIC RESOURCES                  

Article  13  –  NATIONAL FOCAL POINTS  AND COMPETENT NATIONAL AUTHORITIES                  

Article  14   –  THE ACCESS  AND  BENEFIT-SHARING CLEARING-HOUSE AND INFORMATION  SHARING 

Overview OF COMPLIANCE  Issues  (aRTICLES  30,  15-18)                             

Article 30  –  PROCEDURES AND  MECHANISMS TO PROMOTE COMPLIANCE WITH THIS  PROTOCOL                  

Article 15 –  COMPLIANCE WITH  DOMESTIC LEGISLATION OR REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS  ON  ACCESS AND  BENEFIT-SHARING                                                                                                                    

Article 16 – COMPLIANCE WITH DOMESTIC LEGISLATION OR REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS ON ACCESS AND BENEFIT-SHARING FOR TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE ASSOCIATED WITH GENETIC RESOURCES                                                      

Article 18 – COMPLIANCE WITH MUTUALLY AGREED TERMS                                                    

Article 17 – MONITORING THE UTILIZATION OF GENETIC RESOURCES                

Article 19 –  MODEL CONTRACTUAL CLAUSES                                                           

Article 20 –  CODES OF CONDUCT, GUIDELINES AND BEST PRACTICES AND/OR  STANDARDS 

Article 24 – NON-PARTIES                                                                                                    

Article 27 – SUBSIDIARY  BODIES                                                                                            

Article 31 –  ASSESSMENT AND REVIEW

                                                                                                                                                        

CHAPTER 4:  Development of effective ABS systems                           

4.1      Overview                                                                                                                          

4.2      Scope and Definitions                                                                                                    

4.3      Access to Genetic Resources of States and ILC and to Associated Traditional Knowledge of  ILC

4.4      Benefit-Sharing                                                                                                                     

4.5      Associated Traditional Knowledge                                                                           

4.6      Compliance                                                                                                                      

4.7      Sectoral Approaches and Guidelines under the National Law                           

4.8      ABS-Related Institutions                                                                                              

           

4.9      Capacity Building and Technology Transfer                                                         

CHAPTER  5:  Conclusion                                                                                               

Annex I: Status  of  the  last  negotiated  version  of  the  draft  Nagoya  Protocol at  the  Ad  Hoc  Open-Ended  Working  Group  on  Access  and  Benefit-Sharing (noon of  October 27,  2010)                                                

Annex  II:  Synopsis  of  Article  numbers  in  the  adopted  text (October 29, 2010) and the final official edition    

Annex III: The  work  of  the  Ad  Hoc  Open-Ended  Intergovernmental Committee  for  the  Nagoya  Protocol  on  Access  and  Benefit-Sharing  (ICNP)                                                                                                                            

 

Index  of  tables

Table 1: Objectives of the CBD and their interpretation with regard to the South-North dynamics         

Table 2: Overview of the ABS negotiations 1998-2010                                             

Table 3: WGABS-8 suggested issues and measures for compliance and their reflection in the Nagoya Protocol               

Table 4: Core provisions of the Nagoya Protocol and their level of legal obligation                               

           

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Malaysia                               RM25.00         RM2.00

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Other foreign countries        US$15.00        US$7.00 (air);    US$3.00 (sea)

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How to Order the Book

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Tel: 604-2266159

Fax: 604-2264505

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