About the Book
The Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health that was adopted by the WTO (World Trade Organization) Ministerial Conference of 2001 reaffirmed the rights of Members to issue a compulsory license when negotiations for a reasonable price or a voluntary license to import or manufacture a patented product from the patent holder fail.
This book describes the experiences of a number of developing countries in exercising their rights to use compulsory licensing, especially a license for “government use”. This is a form of compulsory license that is issued to obtain generic medicines for use in public hospitals and clinics, through imports or domestic production.
Copies of the actual compulsory licenses of the developing countries are included for reference.
About the Author
MARTIN KHOR is the Executive Director of South Centre, an intergovernmental think tank of developing countries. The Third World Network contributors are Chee Yoke Ling (Director of Programmes), Sangeeta Shashikant (coordinator of TWN’s Intellectual Property Programme) and Zhu Zhenyan (researcher).
1. National Public Health Measures that are TRIPS-Consistent
Importing the Drug
Export, Including to Countries with Inadequate Manufacturing Capacity
2. Use of TRIPS Flexibilities: Some Recent Experiences
3. Implications of Bilateral FTAs on Implementation of TRIPS Flexibilities Regarding Public Health
Increasing Awareness of IPR Problems in Multilateral Context
Dangers of Bilateral FTAs in Eroding TRIPS Flexibilities
Thai Human Rights Commission Report
Some Recent Cases of Compulsory Licensing
Recent Examples in Developing Countries of Compulsory License, “Government Use Orders” and Other Measures to Promote Access to Medicines
Malaysia RM20.00 RM2.00
Developing Countries US$8.00 US$4.00 (air); US$2.00 (sea)
Others US$12.00 US$6.00 (air); US$3.00 (sea)
(For orders of more than 3 copies, please write in for reduced postal rate)
How to Order the Book
Visit our TWN Online Bookshop or contact Third World Network at 131 Jalan Macalister, 10400 Penang, Malaysia.
Email for further information.