Many crucial scientific questions concerning the health effects of genetic engineering and genetically engineered organisms remain. In this report, the authors identify some of the putative health hazards related to genetically engineered plants used as food or feed. They also identify numerous areas of omitted research, which need urgent investigation. Their contribution is based on ‘gene ecology’; a new, trans-disciplinary scientific field intended to provide holistic knowledge based on the Precautionary Principle.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
DR TERJE TRAAVIK is the author of more than 180 scientific articles and book chapters. He was the professor of virology at the University of Tromso, Norway from 1983-2003. Originally a medical and molecular virologist, Traavik later crossed into molecular and cellular cancer research. In 1992 he received the Erna and Olav Aakre Foundation Prize for Excellent Cancer Research. In the early 1990s he was the Board Chairman of the national research programme ‘Environmental effects of biotechnology’, which was funded by the Research Council of Norway. In 1997, he initiated and became the Scientific Director of GENOK-Norwegian Institute of Gene Ecology, and since 2003 he is also professor of gene ecology at the University of Tromso.
DR JACK HEINEMANN is at present an Assoc. Professor at the School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch. He is the Director of INBI-Centre for Integrated Research in Biosafety, New Zealand, and an adjunct professor at GENOK-Norwegian Institute of Gene Ecology. He is listed on the UN Roster of Biosafety Experts for the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Dr Heinemann was the 2002 recipient of the New Zealand Association of Scientists Research Medal. He has published extensively in the literature of horizontal gene transfer and biosafety as well as related fields within bacterial genetics and molecular biology.
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Do we know that any GE food/feed is safe for consumption?
Chapter 3 Can we rely on the transgenic DNA consequences given by GE food/feed producers?
Chapter 4 Are transgenic DNA and proteins taken up from the mammalian GIT (gastro-intestinal tract)?
Chapter 5 Have the protein contents of GE food been altered in unpredictable ways?
Chapter 6 Could GE food/feed cause allergies?
Chapter 7 Case Studies
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