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Intellectual Property Rights Series 14

Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer Issues in the Context of Climate Change

By SANGEETA SHASHIKANT and MARTIN KHOR

Publisher: TWN (ISBN: 978-967-5412-37-0)

Year: 2010   No. of pages: 80

ABOUT THE BOOK

The serious threat to human well-being posed by climate change has imparted a sense of urgency to the search for remedial measures. Among the most important steps identified to combat climate change is the application of energy-efficient technologies that will curb the carbon emissions responsible for global warming.

However, access by developing countries to these climate-friendly technologies can be impeded by patents and other intellectual property rights (IPRs) over the technologies, most of which are held by developed-country entities. The monopoly rights conferred by intellectual property ownership hinder diffusion of these technologies and undermine the capacity of developing-country parties to use, maintain and adapt the technologies to local conditions.

 This paper examines the relationship between IPRs and technology transfer, and explores options to overcome the IPR barrier in order to facilitate the dissemination of climate-friendly technologies to the developing world with the aim of tackling one of the major environmental problems of our time.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

SANGEETA SHASHIKANT is a Legal Adviser to the Third World Network as well as the Coordinator of the TWN office in Geneva.

MARTIN KHOR, former TWN Director, is Executive Director of the South Centre.

Contents

1     Introduction                                                                                     

2     IPRs and Technology Transfer                                                       

       The General Relationship between IPRs and Technology Transfer        

       Technology Transfer in the TRIPS Agreement                                     

       IPRs and Technology Transfer in the Context of Climate Change Negotiations         

3     Developing Countries’ Views on IPRs and Technology Transfer 

4     Current Patenting Trends in Climate-Related Technologies        

       Energy Technologies                                                                                             

       Automobile Pollution Control Technologies                                           

       Biofuels                                                                                             

       Climate-Tolerant Crops                                                                       

5     Effects of IPRs on Transfer of Climate Technologies                    

       IPRs: A Barrier to Climate-Friendly Technologies?                               

       Opportunistic and Anti-Competitive Lawsuits: Hampering Access to Climate Technologies    

       IPRs and Publicly Funded Technologies                                               

6     Measures That Can Be Taken on Intellectual Property and Climate Technologies   

       Excluding Climate-Friendly Technologies from Patents                                

       Strict Application of Patentability Criteria                                             

       Compulsory Licensing in Developing Countries                                     

       International Declaration on IPRs and Climate Technologies                 

       Regulating Restrictive Practices in Licensing Agreements and Anti-Competitive Uses of IPRs          

       Exceptions to Patent Rights                                                                 

       Technology Pooling through a Collective Global Approach                    

       Sharing of Know-How and Trade Secrets                                            

       Publicly Funded Technologies                                                              

       Future Technologies                                                                           

7     Some Conclusions                                                                           

Endnotes                                                                                                 

Bibliography                                               

                                       PRICE         POSTAGE

Malaysia                          RM9.00         RM1.00

Third World countries       US$6.00        US$2.00 (air); US$1.00 (sea)

First World countries        US$8.00        US$2.00 (air); US$1.00 (sea)

(For orders of more than 3 copies, please write in for reduced postal rate)

How to Order the Book

Contact Third World Network at 131 Jalan Macalister, 10400 Penang, Malaysia.

Tel: 604-2266159

Fax: 604-2264505

Email: twnet@po.jaring.my for further information

 


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