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Environment & Development Series no. 10

The Impact of Compost Use on Crop Yields in Tigray, Ethiopia, 2000-2006 inclusive

By Sue Edwards, Arefayne Asmelash, Hailu Araya and Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher

Publisher: TWN (ISBN: 978-983-2729-91-4)

Year: 2009   No. of pages: 32

ABOUT THE BOOK

In 1996, the Institute for Sustainable Development (ISD) in Ethiopia started a project with the Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Development of Tigray Region to work with local farming communities of smallholder farmers in degraded areas to rehabilitate their environments and improve agricultural production based on ecological principles. The project included training the local experts and farmers to make and use compost in place of chemical fertiliser. The results, which have been encouraging, are documented in this paper.

In 1998, the Bureau of Agriculture and Rural Development of Tigray Region adopted the making of compost as part of its extension package. By 2007 at least 25% of the farmers were making and using compost. Between 2003 and 2006 grain yield for the Region almost doubled. Since 1998, there has also been a steady decrease in the use of chemical fertiliser.

Making and using compost is also being promoted in other regions of the country. In 2008, the Ministry of Agriculture reported that around two million (16%) of the highland farmers were using compost as part of their efforts to increase food crop production for food security in Ethiopia.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

SUE EDWARDS, AREFAYNE ASMELASH and HAILU ARAYA are Director, Project Officer and Sustainable Community Development Team Leader, respectively, of the Institute for Sustainable Development (P O Box 171-1110, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Correspondence can be addressed to Sue Edwards and Hailu Araya (sustaindeveth@ethionet.et/sustainet@yahoo.co.uk/hailuara@yahoo.com). TEWOLDE BERHAN GEBRE EGZIABHER is Director General of the Environmental Protection Authority, P O Box 12760, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. E-mail: esid@ethionet.et

Contents

1.      INTRODUCTION

         History of crop cultivation in Ethiopia

         ISD’s project on sustainable agriculture 

2.      MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.      RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.      CONCLUSION

REFERENCES

PRICE

US$8.00 for First World countries

US$6.00 for Third World countries

RM8.00 for Malaysia

Prices are inclusive of postage costs by airmail.

How to Order the Book

Contact Third World Network at 131 Jalan Macalister, 10400 Penang, Malaysia.

Tel: 604-2266159

Fax: 604-2264505

Email: twnet@po.jaring.my for further information

             

 

 


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