About the Book
This paper documents the results of an experiment in sustainable development and ecological land management in the Tigray region of Ethiopia. The Tigray Project, as it is oftened referred to, demonstrates that sustainable agricultural practices such as composting, harvesting of water and soil, and crop diversification, can succeed and bring benefits to poor farmers and communities, particularly to women-headed families. Among the benefits demonstrated are increased yields and productivity of crops, improved hydrology with raised water tables and permanent springs, improved soil fertility, rehabilitation of degraded lands and increased incomes. The project is farmer-led, and builds on the local technologies and knowledge of the farming communities. Local communities have been empowered, developing legally-recognised bylaws to govern their land and other natural resource management activities. The successes of the project have led to its expansion to include many more communities in Tigray and in other parts of the country. The government has now adopted the approach used by the project as its main strategy for combating land degradation and poverty in Ethiopia.
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
HAILU ARAYA is the Sustainable Community Development team leader. He is a geographer who joined ISD (a member of Third World Network) after completing his masters in community resource management at Addis Ababa University in 2001.
SUE EDWARDS is the Director of the Institute for Sustainable Development (ISD), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and has been co-editor of the seven-volume Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea since 1984. She is a taxonomic botanist, teacher and science editor by profession.
2 The Tigray Project
3 Policies for Sustainable Agriculture
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